Decennial Census

The U.S. Census of Population and Housing, mandated by Article I of the Constitution, counts every resident in the United States every ten years. The data are used primarily to allocate seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and to distribute federal funds to local communities.

Note: Unless otherwise indicated, all MCDC data applications cover the entire United States, not just Missouri. (Some applications may use Missouri as a default state selection.)

Census 2010 Profiles

The MCDC Census 2010 profiles include the most-used data items from the U.S. Census Bureau’s 2010 decennial census, Summary File 1 (SF1).  This application allows selection and comparison of up to four geographic areas (of the same or mixed levels) over a single time period. In addition to the web-based profile report output, reports are also available in Excel or PDF formats. Note: Summary File 3 was replaced in 2005 by the American Community Survey — use one of the MCDC ACS applications to get SF3-type data for 2010.

Census 2010 Summary File 1 Extract Assistant

The extract assistant is a “front end” to the Dexter data extraction tool that allows preselection of geographic areas, summary levels, and broad subjects via an easy-to-use menu page. Output data is available in formats suitable for mapping or analysis, including delimited (CSV, tabbed), database (DBF, SAS), plain text, HTML, or PDF.

Census 2000 Profiles

The MCDC Census 2000 profiles include the most-used data items from the 2000 decennial census, Summary File 3 (SF3).

Census 1990-2000 Trends

MCDC Census trend reports compare data between the 1990 and 2000 decennial censuses’ Summary File 3 (SF3) for a selected geographic area.

Summary Files

Each decennial census results in a number of standard and special data products.  Most of the standard products are summary files, which are essentially grouped tables of numbers.

Summary Files 1 and 2 are enumerations of all U.S. residents (100-percent data products). SF1 presents counts and cross-tabulations of basic information collected from all people and housing units. Characteristics include:

  • Household relationship
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Race
  • Hispanic or Latino origin
  • Tenure (whether the home is owned or rented)
  • Vacancy characteristics

Summary File 2 adds detail for specific race and ethnic groups.

Summary File 3, a sample data product, contains tables with social, economic, and housing characteristics compiled from about 19 million housing units in 2000. SF3 contains much more detail than SF1. Some SF3 characteristics include veteran status, employment, place of birth, citizenship, migration, disabilities, household vehicles, and housing value, to name only a few.

Summary File 3 was not produced for the 2010 census. In 2005, the Census Bureau introduced the American Community Survey (ACS), a sample survey covering the same characteristics as SF3, but released on a yearly schedule.

Sampling and Data Collection

As 100-percent data products, SF1 and SF2 are not samples. Data for these products are collected via a list of 10 questions — the so-called “short form”. The census attempts to count all people at their “usual residence” on Census Day (April 1 of the census year).

SF3 data was collected via a longer, more detailed set of questions — the “long form” — which represents a sample of about one out of every six households in the U.S.

For more information